The ELA is proud to welcome our newest member firms: Potter, Anderson & Corroon in Delaware and Morais Leitão in Portugal! 
The ELA is proud to welcome our newest member firms: Potter, Anderson & Corroon in Delaware and Morais Leitão in Portugal! 


2024 Employment Law Year in Review: Ghana

Submitted by Firm:
Miranda Alliance - FFA | Fátima Freitas Associados
Firm Contacts:
Adail Cardoso, Elieser Corte Real, Jayr Fernandes , Nuno Gouveia
Article Type:
Legal Article

2024 Employment Law Year in Review: Ghana

Navigating the complexities of employment law is pivotal for organizations aiming to thrive in an increasingly globalized business environment. The Employment Matter’s podcast, hosted by the Employment Law Alliance (ELA), serves as a critical platform for understanding these complexities, especially in dynamic markets like Ghana. 

In this episode, Nuno Gouveia engages in an insightful discussion with Gwendy Bannerman from N. Dowuona and Company, shedding light on the transformative legal landscape of 2023 in Ghana and offering prognostications for 2024.

Ghana’s Employment Law Evolution in 2023

The year 2023 marked a significant turning point for Ghana's employment sector, heralding substantial legal and policy reforms. A notable highlight was the adjustment of the national daily minimum wage to 18 Ghana Cedis, a reflection of the government's commitment to reconciling economic viability with social equity. This increase not only addresses the prevailing economic challenges but also sets a new benchmark for employers in recalibrating salary scales and Social Security contributions to align with national standards.

The augmentation of public sector wages further illustrates the government's strategy to enhance public service delivery and employee satisfaction. While directly impacting the public sector, this increment subtly influences the private sector's wage structures, prompting a reevaluation of compensation packages to remain competitive and fair.

Despite the absence of direct amendments to labor-specific statutes, legislative revisions, such as those to the Income Tax Act and the National Pensions Act, signify a broader intent to harmonize employment practices with evolving economic conditions. These changes, encompassing tax adjustments and pension coverage expansions, are critical for employers to integrate into their operational frameworks to ensure legal compliance and fiscal responsibility.

Judicial Landmarks and Their Implications

Two judicial rulings in 2023 particularly stand out for their far-reaching implications on employment relationships in Ghana. The Supreme Court's nuanced distinction between contracts of service and contracts for services underscores the importance of the substance over the form in determining employment status. This ruling is a clarion call to employers to meticulously evaluate the nature of their contractual relationships, transcending mere nomenclature to the actual dynamics of work and control.

Furthermore, the Court of Appeal's endorsement of the legality of terminating employment contracts, provided appropriate notice or compensation is given, reiterates the flexibility inherent in Ghana’s labor framework. This decision not only affirms the mutual right to terminate employment but also emphasizes the necessity for employers to incorporate clear, mutual termination clauses in employment contracts to avoid legal ambiguities.

Anticipating 2024: Legislative and Policy Shifts

As we look towards 2024, Ghana's legislative and policy landscape is poised for further evolution. The Labour Amendment Bill, advocating for extended maternity leave and the introduction of paid paternity leave, is a testament to Ghana's progressive stance on gender equality and family-friendly workplace policies. This proposed reform is set to catalyze a paradigm shift in how organizations design their leave policies, underscoring the importance of work-life balance in modern employment practices.

The emphasis on environmental compliance and the anticipated regulatory enforcement actions by the Environmental Protection Agency signify a shift towards sustainability and corporate responsibility. Employers must proactively adopt and enforce environmental and health safety policies to align with these regulatory expectations and mitigate the risk of sanctions.

Pension compliance will also come under heightened scrutiny, with the Pensions Regulatory Authority intensifying enforcement actions against non-compliance. This development necessitates a vigilant approach from employers in fulfilling mandatory pension contributions, ensuring the financial security of their workforce in adherence to national pension laws.

The National Green Jobs Strategy and Ghana's endeavor to cultivate a green economy herald new opportunities for job creation and enterprise development within the sustainable development paradigm. This initiative not only aligns with global environmental goals but also opens avenues for innovation and economic diversification, reinforcing Ghana’s commitment to sustainable growth.

Bilateral Labour Agreements: Enhancing Global Workforce Mobility

The drafting of bilateral labor agreements between Ghana and countries such as Italy, Mauritius, and Kuwait represents a strategic move to regulate labor export and ensure the welfare of Ghanaian workers abroad. These agreements epitomize Ghana's proactive approach to fostering international labor mobility while safeguarding workers' rights, setting a precedent for constructive global labor partnerships.

Electoral Dynamics and Labour Negotiations

The impending election year introduces an element of uncertainty, with the potential for labor agitations and policy shifts that could impact the employment landscape. The ongoing dialogue between the government and labor unions will be pivotal in navigating these challenges, ensuring that labor policies remain responsive to the socioeconomic needs of the workforce.

Conclusion: Navigating Ghana’s Employment Law Terrain

The comprehensive insights provided by Gwendy Bannerman offer a deep dive into Ghana’s evolving employment law system. For organizations operating within Ghana, staying abreast of these developments is not merely advisable but essential. The ELA, with its vast network of labor and employment law experts, stands as a beacon for those navigating these changes.

Looking forward to 2024, the landscape of employment law in Ghana is marked by anticipated reforms and regulatory actions that beckon employers to remain adaptable, proactive, and informed. As Ghana strides towards integrating economic growth with social progress, the employment sector emerges as a focal point of this evolution. Employers, HR professionals, and policymakers must engage collaboratively to foster a conducive employment environment that champions legal compliance, sustainability, and equitable growth.

In summary, Ghana’s employment sector is at a crossroads of significant legal transformation and societal advancement. The adjustments in 2023 set the stage for a year of proactive legislative action and policy reform in 2024, reflecting a holistic approach to employment law that balances economic development with worker welfare. 

As Ghana continues to navigate these changes, the global business community and legal practitioners must remain vigilant, leveraging insights such as those provided by the ELA to navigate the complexities of employment law in Ghana and beyond.